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Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". Jharkhand has a rich variety of flora and fauna. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,714 km² and population of 32.96 million of which 26% is tribal. Official literacy rate for Jharkhand is 67.63%. The population density of the state is 414 persons per square kilometer of land; however, it varies from as low as 148 per square kilometre in Gumla district to as high as 1284 per square kilometer in Dhanbad district. Hindi is the State Language.
The state was formed with 18 districts, which were formerly part of south Bihar. Some of these districts were reorganized to form 6 new districts, namely, Latehar, Saraikela Kharsawan, Jamtara, Sahebganj, Khunti and Ramgarh. Presently, the state has 24 districts: Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Palamu, Latehar, Garhwa, WestSinghbhu, SeraikelaKharsawan, EastSinghbhum,Dumka, Jamtara, Sahebganj, Pakur, Godda, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Koderma, Giridih, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Deoghar, Khunti and Ramgarh.
Jharkhand state has high forest coverage of about 29.61% of its land. Jharkhand is known for its mineral resources. The state economy, industrialization and employment mainly depend upon its development and utilization. Several Steel industries, thermal power generation units and aluminium plant are based on iron, coal and bauxite available in the state. Limestone produced in the state is being utilized in the Cement plants located within and without the State.
The state's economic development in the recent years, due to the increasing demand for the raw materials the state produces, has been impressive with per capita income of Rs 14,990/- and registered growth of 16.6%.
State Highways Authority of Jharkhand
State Highways Authority of Jharkhand (SHAJ) has been constituted by JHARKHAND ACT 11(i), 2008 for the development, maintenance and management of state highway or any other stretch and the matters concerned therewith or incidental thereto. State highways Authority of Jharkhand Rules, 2010 came in force from 2nd November, 2010 by its publication in Jharkhand Gazette.
Governing Council
The Authority shall be a body corporate. The Governing Council shall be the highest policy making body of the Authority and shall be chaired by the Chief Minister of the State. The other members of the Council shall be :
Minister, Road Construction Department, Jharkhand Vice-Chairperson
Minister, Finance, Jharkhand Member
Chief Secretary, Jharkhand Member
Development Commissioner, Jharkhand Member
Principal Secretary/Secretary, Finance, Jharkhand Member
Principal Secretary/Secretary, Planning, Jharkhand Member
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Authority (Principal Secretary/Secretary, Road Construction Department, Jharkhand) Member
Engineer-in-Chief (Road Construction Department, Jharkhand) Member
Two experts (to be selected by the Governing Council) Expert Members
Member (Technical) of the Authority Member Convener
Executive Committee
Chief Executive Officer (Principal Secretary/Secretary, Road Construction Department, Jharkhand) Chairperson
Member (Finance) Member
Member (Technical) Member
Member (Administration) Member
The Authority shall act, so far as may be, on business principals.
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